Also, markers for inflammation, which are an objective measure of a negative health effect, were reduced. Similar results are being reported in other studies. A study earlier this year exploring KAMUT khorasan effects on cardiovascular health, reported a remarkable 25% decrease in insulin levels when volunteers switched from modern wheat to ancient KAMUT khorasan wheat.
Researchers at the Italian University of Bologna, Firenze, Urbino and Parma, have been investigating why KAMUT khorasan wheat behaves so differently to modern wheat. One theory is its unique profile of antioxidants and polyphenols.
In 2009 a study about the phenolic profile of KAMUT khorasan was published 1. Polyphenols are secondary metabolites of plants characterized by an-tioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and with an important role in preventing chronic disease.
Although the quantity of polyphenols and flavonoids didn’t differ that much be-tween ancient and modern varieties, the results showed that KAMUT khorasan had one of the richest content in bioactive compounds, with 19 different phenolic com-pounds identified and a high number of isomers for each compound. The peculiar phytochemical profile of KAMUT khorasan confirmed that the ancient wheat varie-ties represent a rich source of biodiverse polyphenols with antioxidant benefits. By studying blood markers2, the results showed that a diet based on ancient KAMUT khorasan bread increased the antioxidant protection and this effect was cor-related to the higher content in both Selenium and polyphenols compared to the mod-ern durum bread. The second part of this research3, published in 2012, studied both the antioxidative stress markers and antioxidant enzymes in the liver. A diet based on ancient KAMUT khorasan wheat showed a higher activity of the liver’s key antioxidant enzymes than a diet based on modern wheat.
Another possibility is that modern wheat has become so genetically altered through numerous hybridizations that our immune systems just react against it. KAMUT khorasan wheat is, in any event, much simpler genetically than spelt and modern wheat. KAMUT khorasan, along with emmer, another ancient grain, has 28 chromosomes while spelt and modern wheat has 42. Also, KAMUT khorasan is guar-anteed to be grown organically and also without any traditional crossing or modifica-tions due to hybridization and of course, as mentioned earlier, no GMO modification is allowed. All these factors combine to mimic the way grain was grown several thousand years ago.
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