Scientific References

  • 1 Jan 2008
  • Reading time 3 mins
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Aude YW et al. ‘The National Cholesterol Education Program Diet vs a Diet Lower in Carbohydrates and Higher in Protein and Monounsaturated Fat’. Arch Intern Med,2004. Oct 25;164(19):2141-6

Boden G, Sargrad K, Homko C, Mozzoli M, Stein TP. ‘Effect of a low-carbohydrate diet on appetite, blood glucose levels, and insulin resistance in obese patients with type 2 diabetes.’Ann Intern Med. 2005 Mar 15;142(6):403-11

Bravata D.M et al., ‘Efficacy and safety of low-carbohydrate diets: a systematic review’, Journal of the American Medical Association, vol 289(14) pp. 1837–50 (2003),

Dashti HM, Mathew TC, Khadada M, Al-Mousawi M, Talib H, Asfar SK, Behbahani AI, Al-Zaid NS. ‘Beneficial effects of ketogenic diet in obese diabetic subjects’.2007 Mol Cell Biochem. 2007 Apr 20; [Epub ahead of print]

Dumesnil JG, Turgeon J, Tremblay A, Poirier P, Gilbert M, Gagnon L, St-Pierre S, Garneau C, Lemieux I, Pascot A, Bergeron J, Despres JP. ‘Effect of a low-glycaemic index—low-fat—high protein diet on the atherogenic metabolic risk profile of abdominally obese men.’ Br J Nutr. 2001 Nov;86(5):557-68

Ebbeling C B et al., ‘Effects of an ad libitum low-glycemic load diet on cardiovascular disease risk factors in obese young adults’ American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 81(5), pp. 976-982, (2005) Department of Medicine, Children’s Hospital, Boston

Ebbeling CB et al., ‘A Reduced–Glycemic Load Diet in the Treatment of Adolescent Obesity’, Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine, vol 157, pp. 773-779 (2003)

Estruch R et al. ‘Effects of a mediterranean-style diet on cardiovascular risk factors.’ Annals of Internal Medicine 2006. Vol 145(13)

Foster G.D et al., ‘A randomized trial of a low-carbohydrate diet for obesity’, New England Journal of Medicine, Vol 348(21), pp. 2082–90, (2003)

Health Survey for England, National Centre for Social Research (1998)

Jimenez-Cruz A, Bacardi-Gascon M, Turnbull WH, Rosales-Garay P, Severino-Lugo. ‘A flexible, low-glycemic index mexican-style diet in overweight and obese subjects with type 2 diabetes improves metabolic parameters during a 6-week
treatment period.’Diabetes Care. 2003 Jul;26(7):1967-70

Ludwig D. S, ‘The Glycemic Index’, Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol 287(18), pp. 2414–23, (2002)

LaHaye SA et al., ‘Comparison between a low glycemic load diet and a Canada Food Guide diet in cardiac rehabilitation patients in Ontario’, Canadian Journal Cardiology, vol 21(6), pp.489-94 (2005) lahayes@kgh.kari.net

Ma Y et al. ‘Association between Carbohydrate Intake and Serum Lipids’. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 2006. Vol 25 (2):155-163

Pawlak D, Denyer GS, Brand-Miller JC. ‘Long term feeding with high glycemic index starch leads to obesity in mature rats’.
Procedures of the Nutrition Society Australia ; 24:215 (2000)

Pawlak D, et al., ‘Effects of dietary glycaemic index on adiposity, glucose homeostasis and plasma lipids in animals’, Lancet vol 364 (9436), pp. 778-85, (August 2004)

Pereira M, et al., ‘Effects of a Low–Glycemic Load Diet on Resting Energy Expenditure and Heart Disease Risk Factors During Weight Loss’, Journal of the American Medical Association, vol 292, pp. 2482-2490 (2004)

Rizkalla SW, Taghrid L, Laromiguiere M, Huet D, Boillot J, Rigoir A, Elgrably F,Slama G. ‘Improved plasma glucose control, whole-body glucose utilization, and lipid profile on a low-glycemic index diet in type 2 diabetic men: a randomized
controlled trial.’Diabetes Care. 2004 Aug;27(8):1866-72.

Salmeron J et al., ‘Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in women’ Journal of the American Medical Association vol 277(6), pp. 472-7 (1997) Harvard School of Public Health

Salmeron J et al., ‘Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of NIDDM in men’, Diabetes Care, vol 20, Issue 4 545-550, (1997) Harvard School of Public Health

Slabber M et al., ‘Effects of a low-insulin-response, energy restricted diet on weight loss and plasma insulin concentrations in hyperinsulinemic obese females’, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol 60(1), pp. 48–53, (1994)

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