Scientific References

  • 1 Jan 2008
  • Reading time 3 mins
Login to add to reading list

Aude YW et al. ‘The National Cholesterol Education Program Diet vs a Diet Lower in Carbohydrates and Higher in Protein and Monounsaturated Fat’. Arch Intern Med,2004. Oct 25;164(19):2141-6

Boden G, Sargrad K, Homko C, Mozzoli M, Stein TP. ‘Effect of a low-carbohydrate diet on appetite, blood glucose levels, and insulin resistance in obese patients with type 2 diabetes.’Ann Intern Med. 2005 Mar 15;142(6):403-11

Bravata D.M et al., ‘Efficacy and safety of low-carbohydrate diets: a systematic review’, Journal of the American Medical Association, vol 289(14) pp. 1837–50 (2003),

Dashti HM, Mathew TC, Khadada M, Al-Mousawi M, Talib H, Asfar SK, Behbahani AI, Al-Zaid NS. ‘Beneficial effects of ketogenic diet in obese diabetic subjects’.2007 Mol Cell Biochem. 2007 Apr 20; [Epub ahead of print]

Dumesnil JG, Turgeon J, Tremblay A, Poirier P, Gilbert M, Gagnon L, St-Pierre S, Garneau C, Lemieux I, Pascot A, Bergeron J, Despres JP. ‘Effect of a low-glycaemic index—low-fat—high protein diet on the atherogenic metabolic risk profile of abdominally obese men.’ Br J Nutr. 2001 Nov;86(5):557-68

Ebbeling C B et al., ‘Effects of an ad libitum low-glycemic load diet on cardiovascular disease risk factors in obese young adults’ American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 81(5), pp. 976-982, (2005) Department of Medicine, Children’s Hospital, Boston

Ebbeling CB et al., ‘A Reduced–Glycemic Load Diet in the Treatment of Adolescent Obesity’, Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine, vol 157, pp. 773-779 (2003)

Estruch R et al. ‘Effects of a mediterranean-style diet on cardiovascular risk factors.’ Annals of Internal Medicine 2006. Vol 145(13)

Foster G.D et al., ‘A randomized trial of a low-carbohydrate diet for obesity’, New England Journal of Medicine, Vol 348(21), pp. 2082–90, (2003)

Health Survey for England, National Centre for Social Research (1998)

Jimenez-Cruz A, Bacardi-Gascon M, Turnbull WH, Rosales-Garay P, Severino-Lugo. ‘A flexible, low-glycemic index mexican-style diet in overweight and obese subjects with type 2 diabetes improves metabolic parameters during a 6-week
treatment period.’Diabetes Care. 2003 Jul;26(7):1967-70

Ludwig D. S, ‘The Glycemic Index’, Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol 287(18), pp. 2414–23, (2002)

LaHaye SA et al., ‘Comparison between a low glycemic load diet and a Canada Food Guide diet in cardiac rehabilitation patients in Ontario’, Canadian Journal Cardiology, vol 21(6), pp.489-94 (2005)

Ma Y et al. ‘Association between Carbohydrate Intake and Serum Lipids’. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 2006. Vol 25 (2):155-163

Pawlak D, Denyer GS, Brand-Miller JC. ‘Long term feeding with high glycemic index starch leads to obesity in mature rats’.
Procedures of the Nutrition Society Australia ; 24:215 (2000)

Pawlak D, et al., ‘Effects of dietary glycaemic index on adiposity, glucose homeostasis and plasma lipids in animals’, Lancet vol 364 (9436), pp. 778-85, (August 2004)

Pereira M, et al., ‘Effects of a Low–Glycemic Load Diet on Resting Energy Expenditure and Heart Disease Risk Factors During Weight Loss’, Journal of the American Medical Association, vol 292, pp. 2482-2490 (2004)

Rizkalla SW, Taghrid L, Laromiguiere M, Huet D, Boillot J, Rigoir A, Elgrably F,Slama G. ‘Improved plasma glucose control, whole-body glucose utilization, and lipid profile on a low-glycemic index diet in type 2 diabetic men: a randomized
controlled trial.’Diabetes Care. 2004 Aug;27(8):1866-72.

Salmeron J et al., ‘Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in women’ Journal of the American Medical Association vol 277(6), pp. 472-7 (1997) Harvard School of Public Health

Salmeron J et al., ‘Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of NIDDM in men’, Diabetes Care, vol 20, Issue 4 545-550, (1997) Harvard School of Public Health

Slabber M et al., ‘Effects of a low-insulin-response, energy restricted diet on weight loss and plasma insulin concentrations in hyperinsulinemic obese females’, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol 60(1), pp. 48–53, (1994)

The full content of this report is only viewable by 100% Health Club members.

MEMBERS have free access to 100's of Reports, a monthly 100% Health Newsletter, free use of the 100% Health programme with unlimited reassessments and big discounts, up to 30% off books, supplements and             foods at


Find out more